The Lamprey as a Builder [editorial]

John M. Batchelder
1884 Science  
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more » ... ntent at JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary source objects. JSTOR helps people discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content through a powerful research and teaching platform, and preserves this content for future generations. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not--for--profit organization that also includes Ithaka S+R and Portico. For more information about JSTOR, please contact NOVEMBEI 21, 1884.] NOVEMBEI 21, 1884.] NOVEMBEI 21, 1884.] NOVEMBEI 21, 1884.] the Andes; and its leaves, which are gathered and dried with great care, have been used by the natives as a stimulant and narcotic since the days of the Incas, by whom it was held in great esteem. This plant should not be confounded with the more familiar Theobroma cacao, the seeds of which afford chocolate and cacao-butter, nor with the cocoanut, whose tree supplies food, drink, light, clothing, and shelter to the natives of some tropical lands. LETTERS TO THE EDITOR. -** Correspondents are requested to be as brief aspossible. The writer's name is in all cases required as proof of good faith. The stone age in prehistoric archeology. IN a recent number of Science, it is stated (p. 438), that at a meeting of the Academy of natural sciences of Philadelphia, Sept. 25, Dr. Brinton exhibited certain stone objects from Tunis, presented by the Marquis de Nadaillac. Among them was one resembling the 'stemmed scrapers' found in this country. " This form," the writer goes on to state, ' is characteristic, in France, of the later productions of the stone age, especially of that epoch called by the French archeologists 'the epoch of Robenhausen.' Chronologically, this is regarded as the first epoch of the appearance of man on the globe, the previous implement-using animals being probably anthropoids." This is a most amazing travesty of the views of de Morltillet and the archeologists of his school. It may safely be asserted that no one holds any such opinions as these, with the possible exception of the writer of the notice in question. At the Prehistoric congress held at Brussels in 1872, Gabriel de Mortillet first proposed his system of classification of the age of stone. In it the name 'epoch of Robenhausen' is given as synonymous with 'age of polished stone,' or 'neolithic period;' while the paleolithic age is subdivided into four grand divisions, called, in the inverse order of their antiquity, those of La Madelaine, of Solutre, of Moustier, and of St. Acheul, each characterized by its own peculiar type of instrument. This classification was still further extended by him to the age of bronze, in a table exhibited at the Geographical congress held at Paris in the summer of 1875. A full account of it was given in the Matdriaux, vol. x. p. 372. Since then the system has been almost universally adopted by prehistoric archeologists; and it is thoroughly explained and admirably illustrated in the 'Musee prehistorique,' |published by Messrs. Gabriel and Adrien de Mortillet, in 1881. In 18S3 the elder de Mortillet published, in the library of contemporary sciences, his 'Le prehistorique antiquit6 de l'homme.' In this the views he was known to hold in regard to the so-called 'tertiary man,' or, as he more logically entitles him, 'the precursor of man,' are set forth in detail. A critical notice of this work was given by the writer in Science for March 30, 1883. The work is divided into three parts, -' the tertiary man,' ' the quaternary man,' and 'the man of the present' (homme actuel); and the doctrine is maintained that the Andes; and its leaves, which are gathered and dried with great care, have been used by the natives as a stimulant and narcotic since the days of the Incas, by whom it was held in