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When pre-election polls fail, citizens make choices in an environment where the information is inaccurate. This is bad for democracy. Understanding the conditions under which polls succeed or fail is thus very important for the quality of democracy. Polling firms have often blamed voter turnout when they failed to provide accurate information. There is, however, no systematic test of the impact of voter turnout on polling errors. Using data from 2104 pre-election polls in 206 elections among 33doi:10.1177/1369148120986092 fatcat:gvyzms5fu5avxfuikv4y33m3ri