Does gender influence the strength and mechanisms of the muscle metaboreflex during dynamic exercise in dogs?
American Journal of Physiology
Ischemia of active skeletal muscle stimulates neuronal afferents within the muscle, which elicits a reflex increase in sympathetic nerve activity, systemic arterial pressure (SAP), and heart rate (HR), termed the muscle metaboreflex. We retrospectively investigated whether gender influences the activation of the muscle metaboreflex and the primary mechanisms used by this reflex, augmentation of cardiac output (CO) and peripheral vasoconstriction, using 15 female and 13 male chronically
... hronically instrumented dogs exercising on a treadmill (3.2 km/h, 0% grade). Metaboreflex activation was achieved via progressive partial vascular occlusion of the terminal aorta during exercise. In both females and males, hindlimb ischemia elicited similar substantial increases in SAP (56.1 +/- 3.0 and 55.1 +/- 4.2 mmHg, respectively), HR (25.8 +/- 4.8 and 33.9 +/- 2.8 beats/min, respectively), and CO (1.39 +/- 0.3 and 1.64 +/- 0.2 liters, respectively) and a similar substantial decrease in renal vascular conductance (RVC; 42.7 +/- 4.9 and 42.9 +/- 5.3%, respectively). Both groups also demonstrated similar metaboreflex thresholds and sensitivities of SAP, HR, CO, and RVC. We conclude that the strength and mechanisms mediating the metaboreflex responses during dynamic exercise in dogs are not affected by gender.