BEAS: Blockchain Enabled Asynchronous Secure Federated Machine Learning [article]

Arup Mondal, Harpreet Virk, Debayan Gupta
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Federated Learning (FL) enables multiple parties to distributively train a ML model without revealing their private datasets. However, it assumes trust in the centralized aggregator which stores and aggregates model updates. This makes it prone to gradient tampering and privacy leakage by a malicious aggregator. Malicious parties can also introduce backdoors into the joint model by poisoning the training data or model gradients. To address these issues, we present BEAS, the first
more » ... d framework for N-party FL that provides strict privacy guarantees of training data using gradient pruning (showing improved differential privacy compared to existing noise and clipping based techniques). Anomaly detection protocols are used to minimize the risk of data-poisoning attacks, along with gradient pruning that is further used to limit the efficacy of model-poisoning attacks. We also define a novel protocol to prevent premature convergence in heterogeneous learning environments. We perform extensive experiments on multiple datasets with promising results: BEAS successfully prevents privacy leakage from dataset reconstruction attacks, and minimizes the efficacy of poisoning attacks. Moreover, it achieves an accuracy similar to centralized frameworks, and its communication and computation overheads scale linearly with the number of participants.
arXiv:2202.02817v1 fatcat:lzwiv3bysrgyvmff2tqxxmm4lm