Study of the Level of Awareness of the Iraqi Society to the Impact of Climate Changes
American Journal of Environmental Protection
Baghdad is a large city, warmer than surrounding areas due to the urban heat island effect. This research is to understand what Iraqi society segments thought about issues represented a tangible threat to their urban environment and lifestyle. Questions were establish what scholars, student and Architect thought about the impact of climate change and UHI. Analysis indicated that there was a moderated acceptance in society segments, students, scholars and low among the urban residents of Iraqi
... esidents of Iraqi society that complex issue such as Urban Heat Island as part of climate change was occurring and an even lower acceptance that it was the result of human activity. Nonetheless, the low acceptance reflected a high degree of uncertainty among urban people rather than widespread open skepticism. The uncertainty among urban residents could be attributable to scientific discrepancies about causes of Urban Heat Island and the possible consequences. The results show that trust in science and scientific credibility has been undermined by these discrepancies and the perception that scientists are using climate change to pursue their own agendas. With only 52% of educated survey respondents believing that climate change and Urban Heat Island information were easy to understand, there was a clear need to reconsider communication strategies for the dissemination of scientific information in universities and institutes. Results indicate that minimal adaptive responses of Iraqi society to changes in local climate, current and past extreme changes in Iraqi urban temperature, water scarcity and dust storm seasons support results that indicate society did not prioritize Urban Heat Island imperative. Generally, well-educated community did not recognize or underestimated the short to medium term risk Urban Heat Island represented for their urban environment or lifestyles.