Local decoding and testing of polynomials over grids

Mitali Bafna, Srikanth Srinivasan, Madhu Sudan
2020 Random structures & algorithms (Print)  
The well-known DeMillo-Lipton-Schwartz-Zippel lemma says that n-variate polynomials of total degree at most d over grids, i.e. sets of the form A 1 ×A 2 ×· · ·×A n , form error-correcting codes (of distance at least 2 −d provided min i {|A i |} ≥ 2). In this work we explore their local decodability and local testability. While these aspects have been studied extensively when A 1 = · · · = A n = F q are the same finite field, the setting when A i 's are not the full field does not seem to have
more » ... en explored before. In this work we focus on the case A i = {0, 1} for every i. We show that for every field (finite or otherwise) there is a test whose query complexity depends only on the degree (and not on the number of variables). In contrast we show that decodability is possible over fields of positive characteristic (with query complexity growing with the degree of the polynomial and the characteristic), but not over the reals, where the query complexity must grow with n. As a consequence we get a natural example of a code (one with a transitive group of symmetries) that is locally testable but not locally decodable. Classical results on local decoding and testing of polynomials have relied on the 2-transitive symmetries of the space of low-degree polynomials (under affine transformations). Grids do not possess this symmetry: So we introduce some new techniques to overcome this handicap and in particular use the hypercontractivity of the (constant weight) noise operator on the Hamming cube.
doi:10.1002/rsa.20933 fatcat:wrtcbryhf5caxd3kjoucjkssdq