Microbiological, chemical, physical, and proteolytic activities of raw milk after thermal processing

H.S. Milaneze, L.S. Silva, L.B.M. Kottwitz, M.A. Zambom, L.M. Fonseca, A.T.B. Guimarães, M.S.S. Pozza
2018 Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia  
The aim was to evaluate the microbiological, chemical- physical, and shelf-life quality of milk samples after pasteurization (HTST) for 10 days or ultra-high temperature (UHT) treatment for 120 days. Raw milk counts of mesophilic aerobic microorganisms, Staphylococcus spp. and thermotolerant coliforms before HTST and UHT processing were 6.73 and 7.77; 2.84 and 4.30, and 4.68 and 4.37log10, respectively. Pseudomonas spp. were found in raw milk samples. No presence of any other microorganisms
more » ... ied was detected and no microbial inhibitor was found. Processed samples met microbiological legal requirements. However, aerobic mesophilic counts for HTST pasteurized milk samples stored for 5 and 10 days increased to values comparable to those in raw milk. Composition chemical- physical of all samples were within legal limits. These results demonstrate that, although HTST and UHT processed milk comply with the microbiological standards required by Brazilian law, high microbial counts in raw milk are an issue, possibly due to failures in the early stages of the production chain. Increase in casein macropeptide (CMP), probably because of proteases psychrotrophic bacteria. It is concluded that the quality of raw milk directly influences the progressive increase of the CMP values.
doi:10.1590/1678-4162-9662 fatcat:v2bhrj3wmvc6fnjptbv4jga5mm