The gene family-free median of three [article]

Daniel Doerr, Pedro Feijao, Metin Balaban, Cedric Chauve
2016 arXiv   pre-print
The gene family-free framework for comparative genomics aims at developing methods for gene order analysis that do not require prior gene family assignment, but work directly on a sequence similarity multipartite graph. We present a model for constructing a median of three genomes in this family-free setting, based on maximizing an objective function that generalizes the classical breakpoint distance by integrating sequence similarity in the score of a gene adjacency. We show that the
more » ... ing computational problem is MAX SNP-hard and we present a 0-1 linear program for its exact solution. The result of our FF-median program is a median genome with median genes associated to extant genes, in which median adjacencies are assumed to define positional orthologs. We demonstrate through simulations and comparison with the OMA orthology database that the herein presented method is able compute accurate medians and positional orthologs for genomes comparable in size of bacterial genomes.
arXiv:1606.05910v1 fatcat:ue3e5kvtbjchrjgh6mtf6nwgju