Effect of Molecular Structure, Substrate and Docking Scores on the Prediction of the Inhibition Constants of P-glycoprotein Inhibitors

Mohsen Sharifi, Alexey V Raevsky, Taravat Ghafourian
2016 Journal of Drug Metabolism & Toxicology  
P-glycoprotein (P-gp) is a multispecific transporter which has a natural detoxification role. The inhibition of substrate transport by P-gp can be presented by a number of parameters, including percentage inhibition and IC 50 . Inhibition constant, K i , is believed to be a more universal parameter allowing easy comparison of data from different substrate conditions. The aim of this investigation was to use molecular descriptors of the inhibitors, docking scores, and the parameters of the probe
more » ... substrate for the development of Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationships (QSARs) for the prediction of P-gp inhibition constants. QSARs were developed using a number of data mining and pre-processing feature selection methods. A chi-square based regression tree followed by a boosted trees model were the most accurate in the estimation of K i . The selected models incorporated molecular descriptors of the inhibitors followed by the molecular descriptors of probe substrates, whereas no docking scores were selected by the models. Potent P-gp inhibitors showed higher lipophilicity and molecular weights than those molecules defined as drug-like.
doi:10.4172/2157-7609.1000217 fatcat:tt2gig2fzfc3pnkm7m7hd47q3u