Homophonous Realization of Contrastive English Lexical Items: The Case of the English Spoken in Some Ghanaian Schools
International Journal of Linguistics Literature and Culture
This study explores the lexical difference between the British Standard Englishthe Received Pronunciation (RP) and the English spoken by students in Ghanaian Senior High Schools, and identifies homophonous realizations in the students' (Ghanaian) pronunciations. This was based on the findings of earlier research on English pronunciation in Ghana: Dako (2001), Adjaye (2005), Koranteng (2006), etc., that the English spoken in Ghana is distinctive in its features, and thus different from other
... ish accents. It was further based on the Accent Phonology Theory by Trubetzkoy (1931) that accents may vary at various levels, and that two accents may have the same set of phonemes but differ in the selection of phonemes for words (Lexical differences). Data for the study comprised two sets of words and sentences which respondents had to read out for recording and transcription, using RP as a reference point. The result showed that out of 100 pairs of words looked at in the study, 67 were rendered homophonous in the respondents' pronunciations, although such words have contrastive pronunciations in RP.