Novel phase in the phase structure of the(gϕ4+hϕ6)1+1field theoretic model

Abouzeid. M. Shalaby
2007 Physical Review D  
In view of the newly discovered and physically acceptable $PT$ symmetric and non-Hermitian models, we reinvestigated the phase structure of the ($g\phi^{4}+h\phi^{6}$)$_{1+1}$ Hermitian model. The reinvestigation concerns the possibility of a phase transition from the original Hermitian and $PT$ symmetric phase to a non-Hermitian and $PT$ symmetric one. This kind of phase transition, if verified experimentally, will lead to the first proof that non-Hermitian and $PT$ symmetric models are not
more » ... c models are not just a mathematical research framework but are a nature desire. To do the investigation, we calculated the effective potential up to second order in the couplings and found a Hermitian to Non-Hermitian phase transition. This leads us to introduce, for the first time, hermiticity as a symmetry which can be broken due to quantum corrections, \textit{i.e.}, when starting with a model which is Hermitian in the classical level, quantum corrections can break hermiticity while the theory stays physically acceptable. In fact, ignoring this phase will lead to violation of universality when comparing this model predictions with other models in the same class of universality. For instance, in a previous work we obtained a second order phase transition for the $PT$ symmetric and non-Hermitian $(-g\phi^{4})$ and according to universality, this phase should exist in the phase structure of the ($g\phi^{4}+h\phi^{6}$) model for negative $g$. Finally, among the novelties in this letter, in our calculation for the effective potential, we introduced a new renormalization group equation which describes the invariance of the bare vacuum energy under the change of the scale. We showed that without this invariance, the original theory and the effective one are inequivalent.
doi:10.1103/physrevd.76.041702 fatcat:owfjhxv4z5eappsp3qqvtyo3ba