Energy market: general theory legal regulation

A. M. Shafir
2020 Courier of the Kutafin Moscow State Law University  
Energy markets are an organizational and economic mechanism that ensures the functioning of the sphere of circulation of energy resources, organized according to the laws of commodity production. Energy is nothing more than a material carrier of the energy transferred in the process of planning of activity of subjects of FEC fuel and energy balances of fuel as a unit of measurement of the amount of energy in a particular energy resource. Economic relations for the supply of energy resources are
more » ... nergy resources are formed in two main forms‑supply through the connected network and supply. In energy and gas supply, the phase of energy circulation in time essentially coincides with the phase of its production, which determines the direct impact and determining influence of the mode of energy consumption on the mode of its production. The expansion of the sphere of circulation to the sphere of consumption leads to the fact that the consumption of energy resources itself becomes an «act of trade». The consumer purchases an energy resource with an easement of participation directly by the state (state agencies) or commercial energy supply organizations in its use. The form of such participation is operational dispatch management carried out by the specified bodies in the energy sector. The unified energy Fund of the Russian Federation and energy funds of other levels are property economic and legal entities, economic and legal institutions, the existence of which can become a significant argument in favor of energy law as an independent industry.The interconnection of transmission and consumption of energy resources with the latter's defining role in the conditions of centralized operational dispatch management of the supply regime gives a synergistic effect in the form of organic interaction of public and private law relations in relations on energy supply.The specificity of public‑legal relations in the field of energy supply consists in their «introduction» into private‑law relations, to the extent of organic interaction and functioning as a whole.
doi:10.17803/2311-5998.2020.67.3.116-124 fatcat:ubpop5vq3ndf5h2crafxp37ryy