Weak CS Emission in an Extremely Metal-poor Galaxy DDO 70 [article]

Kaiyi Du, Yong Shi, Zhi-Yu Zhang, Junzhi Wang, Yu Gao
2020 arXiv   pre-print
In most galaxies like the Milky Way, stars form in clouds of molecular gas. Unlike the CO emission that traces the bulk of molecular gas, the rotational transitions of HCN and CS molecules mainly probe the dense phase of molecular gas, which has a tight and almost linear relation with the far-infrared luminosity and star formation rate. However, it is unclear if dense molecular gas exists at very low metallicity, and if exists, how it is related to star formation. In this work, we report ALMA
more » ... servations of the CS J=5→4 emission line of DDO 70, a nearby gas-rich dwarf galaxy with ∼7% solar metallicity. We did not detect CS emission from all regions with strong CO emission. After stacking all CS spectra from CO-bright clumps, we find no more than a marginal detection of CS J=5→4 transition, at a signal-to-noise ratio of ∼ 3.3. This 3-σ upper limit deviates from the L^'_ CS-L_ IR and L^'_ CS-SFR relationships found in local star forming galaxies and dense clumps in the Milky Way, implying weaker CS emission at given IR luminosity and SFR. We discuss the possible mechanisms that suppress CS emission at low metallicity.
arXiv:2005.03907v1 fatcat:72b44kovb5addcc2gndam2plma