Instability of a superfluid Bose gas induced by a locked thermal gas in an optical lattice

S Konabe, T Nikuni
2006 Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics  
We use a dissipative Gross-Petaevskii equation derived from the Bose-Hubbard Hamiltonian to study the effect of the thermal component on the stability of a current-carrying superfluid state of a Bose gas in an optical lattice potential. We explicitly show that the superfluid state becomes unstable at certain quasi-momentum of the condensate due to a thermal component which is locked by an optical lattice potential. It is shown that this instability coincides with the Landau instability derived from the GP equation.
doi:10.1088/0953-4075/39/10/s10 fatcat:46npclaz6veczoclsesnd3iiry