Efeitos de densidades de Aeschynomene rudis Benth e seu controle com o herbicida Ethoxysulfuron em duas épocas de aplicação na cultura do arroz (Oryza sativa L.) irrigado [thesis]

Marcio Luiz Adoryan
During the season 2001/2002, an experiment was conducted in Taubaté city, area of the Paraíba-SP valley, to evaluate the effect of Aeschynomene rudis Benth. densities on paddy rice, and the efficacy of the herbicide ethoxysulfuron applied in early and mid post emergence. The rice variety Epagri 109 and A. rudis were planted October 30, 2001 in dry soil. The treatments were four A. rudis densities (3, 6, 12 and 24 plants per square meter) and two application timings of the herbicide
more » ... bicide ethoxysulfuron in each density. The two application timings were at the 4 and 6 leaf stage of A. rudis. There were also untreated densities of 0, 3, 6, 12 and 24 plants of A. rudis per square meter without the herbicide application, resulting in 13 treatments with 4 replications delineated in randomized blocks. The herbicide was applied at 80 g.ha -1 , with the adjuvant laurel ether sulfate of sodium at .3% v/v. The applications were made on November 27 and December 4, 2001. The assessed crop parameters were: number of plants, stems and panicles per meter, height of the plants, panicle length, number of spikelets by panicle, number of grains formed by panicles, income of grains, A. rudis control and crop ix damage. We can conclude from the results that A. rudis densities of 3, 6, 12 and 24 plants per square meter influence the crop negatively, in a linear way, the number of stems and panicles per meter, the length of the panicles, the number of spikelets and grains formed by panicles, the mechanical harvest index, and rice yield. There were no effects on the number of rice plants per meter or the height of the rice. Also, ethoxysulfuron was effective in controlling A. rudis at both the 4 and 6 leaf stage, in densities of 3, 6, 12 and 24 plants per square meter. Ethoxysulfuron at 80 g.ha -1 , when applied early post or mid post emergence in densities of 3, 6, 12 and 24 plants per square meter was selective to the rice variety Epagri 109, not affecting the assessed parameters. EINFLUSS DER BESATZSTÄRKE VON Aeschynomene rudis Benth. UND IHRE KONTROLLE MIT DEM HERBIZID ETHOXYSULFURON AN ZWEI VERSCHIEDENEN BEHANDLUNGSZEITPUNKTEN IN WASSERREIS, Oryza sativa L.. Autor: MÁRCIO LUIZ ADORYAN Betreuer: Prof. Dr. GERALDO JOSÉ APARECIDO DARIO
doi:10.11606/d.11.2004.tde-14012005-082507 fatcat:fj2zhjecivaizjm6dz44gxac7y