Endotoxemia enhanced renal vascular reactivity to endothelin-1 in cirrhotic rats

Chiao-Lin Chuang, Ching-Chih Chang, Shao-Jung Hsu, Hui-Chun Huang, Fa-Yauh Lee, Ling-Ju Huang, Shou-Dong Lee
2018 American Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology  
Chuang CL, Chang CC, Hsu SJ, Huang HC, Lee FY, Huang LJ, Lee SD. Endotoxemia-enhanced renal vascular reactivity to endothelin-1 in cirrhotic rats. Hepatorenal syndrome (HRS), a severe complication of advanced cirrhosis, is defined as hypoperfusion of kidneys resulting from intense renal vasoconstriction in response to generalized systemic arterial vasodilatation. Nevertheless, the mechanisms have been barely investigated. Cumulative studies demonstrated renal vasodilatation in portal
more » ... n portal hypertensive and compensated cirrhotic rats. Previously, we identified that blunted renal vascular reactivity of portal hypertensive rats was reversed after lipopolysaccharide (LPS). This study was therefore conducted to delineate the sequence of renal vascular alternation and underlying mechanisms in LPS-treated cirrhotic rats. Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly allocated to receive sham surgery (Sham) or common bile duct ligation (CBDL). LPS was induced on the 28th day after surgery. Kidney perfusion was performed at 0.5 or 3 h after LPS to evaluate renal vascular response to endothelin-1 (ET-1). Endotoxemia increased serum ET-1 levels (P Ͻ 0.0001) and renal arterial blood flow (P Ͻ 0.05) in both Sham and CBDL rats. CBDL rats showed enhanced renal vascular reactivity to ET-1 at 3 h after LPS (P ϭ 0.026). Pretreatment with endothelin receptor type A (ETA) antagonist abrogated the LPS-enhanced renal vascular response in CBDL rats (P Ͻ 0.001). There were significantly lower inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression but higher ETA and phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase (p-ERK) expressions in renal medulla of endotoxemic CBDL rats (P Ͻ 0.05). We concluded that LPS-induced renal iNOS inhibition, ETA upregulation, and subsequent ERK signaling activation may participate in renal vascular hyperreactivity in cirrhosis. ET-1-targeted therapy may be feasible in the control of HRS. NEW & NOTEWORTHY Hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) occurred in advanced cirrhosis after large-volume paracentesis or bacterial peritonitis. We demonstrated that intraperitoneal lipopolysaccharide (LPS) enhanced renal vascular reactivity to endothelin-1 (ET-1) in cirrhotic rats, accompanied by inducible nitric oxide synthase inhibition, endothelin receptor type A (ETA) upregulation, and subsequent extracellular signal-regulated kinase activation in renal medulla. Pretreatment with ETA antagonist abrogated the LPS-enhanced renal vascular response in common bile duct ligation rats. These findings suggest that further clinical investigation of ET-1-targeted therapy may be feasible in the control of HRS. cirrhosis; endothelin-1; endothelin receptor type A; lipopolysaccharide; renal vascular reactivity
doi:10.1152/ajpgi.00302.2017 pmid:30095297 fatcat:2aaqlhn4njeq5m5vhkgkeomxie