Utilization of Ethical Principles of leadership in the Ancient Chinese for Promotion of Modern Management
Bioethics Journal, Autumn
and Aim: By the globalization of organizations in modern Age, doing organizational activities in terms of the code of ethics is necessary for any organization. So that the leadership of an organization impacts on its image, identity and reputation by using competitive strategies in terms of ethical principles. Thus, this study aimed to compare management practices of Chinese philosophers in order to govern and manage the people in the ancient world with ideas and thoughts management scholars in
... agement scholars in the modern era. Materials and Methods: In this comparative study, the features and components of Western and Eastern management were compared according to two patterns of the thought and religion Trinity. At first, the theoretical foundations was examined. Then, the thoughts of ancient Chinese and and contemporary experts were analyzed and criticized and finally, it was focused on the main points of research: ethics and leadership. Findings: In this research, the principles of leadership and ethics, selection based merit, attracting and maintaining individuals, participatory reward and the participatory management were recognized as key principles of people management in ancient China, which are closely related to the modern world. Also, there was a difference between the West and East management philosophies, but the use of some Eastern philosophies for Western organizations can be useful. Conclusion: These principles should be renewed to preserve organizations, because it is necessary to pay attention to ethical principles as moral obligations for promoting modern management practices by an organization leader.