Association of Dietary Factors with Presence and Severity of Septal Deviation: Results of the Korean National Health and Nutrition Survey 2010–2012

Chun Han, Sang Man Park, Ju-Shin Lim, Jang-Woo Kwon
2018 Korean Journal of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery  
and ObjectivesZZThe data of Korean National Health Survey from 2010 to 2012 were used to analyze the correlation between the westernized dietary style with the incidence of septal deviation in the Korean population. Subjects and MethodZZA total of 25532 candidates between the ages of 13-97 was analyzed with their nutrition uptake, body characteristic differences, and the incidence of septal deviation. Inclusion criteria for the candidate were normal values for the smell test, no rhinological
more » ... no rhinological abnormalities, and patients who underwent all of the otolaryngologic examinations. Nutrition uptake of the following was examined: total energy uptake per day (kcal), total daily uptake of food, carbohydrate, protein, fat, water (g), total daily uptake of fiber, potassium, calcium, phosphate, iron, and sodium (mg). Each category was examined, compared, and analyzed to investigate a possible relationship with the incidence of septal deviation. ResultsZZWhen height, waist, and body mass index (BMI) were categorized according to sex and analyzed for relationship with the incidence of disease, the male group showed a positive correlation with the incidence of septal deviation in all three factors. BMI, an important clinical predictive factor for physical growth, showed a positive relationship for obesity rate and septal deviation with the males aged between 10 and 20. ConclusionZZMales in their 10's and 20's are the most affected by the westernized diet change; therefore, we believe that this is the reason for this age group's association with a higher septal deviation incidence rate compared to other age group . Korean J Otorhinolaryngol-Head Neck Surg 2018;61(1):24-8 Key WordsZZ Body mass index ㆍNasal septum ㆍ National health and nutrition examination survey. Rhinology Korean J Otorhinolaryngol-Head Neck Surg 2018;61(1):24-8 / pISSN 2092-5859 / eISSN 2092-6529
doi:10.3342/kjorl-hns.2017.00059 fatcat:c4nlrfab6ra53c5dagow3jmjfm