Improvements on Spectral Bisection

Israel De Souza Rocha
2021 The Electronic Journal of Linear Algebra  
In this paper, the third eigenvalue of the Laplacian matrix is used to provide a lower bound on the minimum cutsize. This result has algorithmic implications that are exploited in this paper. Besides, combinatorial properties of certain configurations of a graph partition which are related to the minimality of a cut are investigated. It is shown that such configurations are related to the third eigenvector of the Laplacian matrix. It is well known that the second eigenvector encodes structural
more » ... encodes structural information, and that can be used to approximate a minimum bisection. In this paper, it is shown that the third eigenvector carries structural information as well. Then a new spectral bisection algorithm using both eigenvectors is provided. The new algorithm is guaranteed to return a cut that is smaller or equal to the one returned by the classic spectral bisection. Also, a spectral algorithm that can refine a given partition and produce a smaller cut is provided.
doi:10.13001/ela.2020.4993 fatcat:krmux4ajfraxfm7u7hiquewv34