Lower Myocardial Perfusion Reserve Is Associated With Decreased Regional Left Ventricular Function in Asymptomatic Participants of the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis

B. D. Rosen
2006 Circulation  
Background-Myocardial ischemia is an important determinant of regional left ventricular systolic function. Myocardial blood flow reserve may be impaired by cardiovascular disease before alterations of myocardial perfusion at rest become manifest. Nevertheless, the relation between flow reserve and regional myocardial function has not been studied in individuals without a history of clinical heart disease. Methods and Results-Seventy-four participants (66Ϯ9 years, meanϮSD) of the Multi-Ethnic
more » ... the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) underwent myocardial magnetic resonance tagging and contrast-enhanced perfusion studies. Regional myocardial function was evaluated as peak systolic circumferential strain (Ecc) in the three main coronary territories (left anterior descending [LAD], left circumflex, and right coronary artery [RCA]). Myocardial blood flow at rest and during adenosine-induced hyperemia was quantified by contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging, to study the relation between regional flow and function after multivariable adjustment for age, gender, body mass index, left ventricular mass, and traditional risk factors. Lower regional myocardial blood flow during hyperemia was associated with reduced regional left ventricular function expressed as lower Ecc in the RCA (PϽ0.01) and left circumflex regions (PϽ0.05) measured in the subendocardium, mid-wall, and subepicardium. In contrast, no significant association was seen in the LAD territory (Pϭ0.16). In addition, segmental function in LAD and RCA regions was reduced when individuals in the lowest 10th percentile for regional myocardial flow reserve were compared with the other participants. Absolute decreases in mid-wall Ecc LAD and RCA and global Ecc were 3.0%, 3.4%, and 2.8%, respectively (PϽ0.05 for all regions). Conclusions-Lower myocardial flow reserve is related to reduced regional function in asymptomatic individuals. (Circulation. 2006;114:289-297.) and the University of Minnesota, Minneapolis (A.R.F., M.J.H.). Clinical trial registration information-URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00005487. The online-only Data Supplement can be found at http://circ.ahajournals.org/cgi/content/full/CIRCULATIONAHA.105.588525/DC1.
doi:10.1161/circulationaha.105.588525 pmid:16847154 fatcat:4pacljghvzhmnaxej34mlmcg2u