Bayesian inverse analysis of neuromagnetic data using cortically constrained multiple dipoles

Toni Auranen, Aapo Nummenmaa, Matti S. Hämäläinen, Iiro P. Jääskeläinen, Jouko Lampinen, Aki Vehtari, Mikko Sams
2007 Human Brain Mapping  
A recently introduced Bayesian model for magnetoencephalographic (MEG) data consistently localized multiple simulated dipoles with the help of marginalization of spatiotemporal background noise covariance structure in the analysis : Neuroimage 28:84-98]. Here, we elaborated this model to include subject's individual brain surface reconstructions with cortical location and orientation constraints. To enable efficient Markov chain Monte Carlo sampling of the dipole locations, we adopted a
more » ... ization of the source space surfaces with two continuous variables (i.e., spherical angle coordinates). Prior to analysis, we simplified the likelihood by exploiting only a small set of independent measurement combinations obtained by singular value decomposition of the gain matrix, which also makes the sampler significantly faster. We analyzed both realistically simulated and empirical MEG data recorded during simple auditory and visual stimulation. The results show that our model produces reasonable solutions and adequate data fits without much manual interaction. However, the rigid cortical constraints seemed to make the utilized scheme challenging as the sampler did not switch modes of the dipoles efficiently. This is problematic in the presence of evidently highly multimodal posterior distribution, and especially in the relative quantitative comparison of the different modes. To overcome the difficulties with the present model, we propose the use of loose orientation constraints and combined model of prelocalization utilizing the hierarchical minimum-norm estimate and multiple dipole sampling scheme. Hum Brain Mapp 28:979-994, 2007. V V C 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc. in Wiley InterScience (www. V V C 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc. r Human Brain Mapping 28:979-994 (2007) r PðÂjD; MÞ / PðDjÂ; MÞ Á PðÂjMÞ: ð1Þ r Auranen et al. r r 980 r r Bayesian Inverse Analysis of Neuromagnetic Data r r 987 r
doi:10.1002/hbm.20334 pmid:17370346 fatcat:grquxtfpmrgntkwwrvsgkfbhyi