Restoring Ecological Functions Using Agroforestry Systems in Riparian Forests

Lucas Bertacini Viégas, José Mauro Santana da Silva, Marcio de Camargo Pala, Fatima Conceição Márquez Piña-Rodrigues
2019 Floresta e Ambiente  
Agroforestry systems and restoration models were compared with native forests by examining the restoration of ecological processes that generate stability, resilience and reliability. The stability assessment was obtained using indicators of diversity, structure and functionality. Indicators of soil protection and nutrient cycling were also used to estimate the resilience. The reliability was assessed by management and protection indicators, anthropic impact and canopy (percentage of light).
more » ... oforestry systems did not promote the restoration of ecological functions due mainly to structural factors than management. The production of biomass and carbon storage were higher in the agroforestry system considering the association of trees with short cycle crops (3.2 t ha -1 yr -1 ; 39.81 t C ha -1 ) than trees with green manure system (2.4 ha -1 yr -1 ; 34.09 t C ha -1 ). After 36 months, the restoration methods and agroforestry systems did not provide resilience and stability for the riparian forests protection.
doi:10.1590/2179-8087.083017 fatcat:rt7jatslsnaplksu677qgv7kri