Abstracts of the 8th Congress of ESACP, the 15th International Congress of ISDQP and the 6th Congress of the European Group of Telepathology, Heraclion, Crete, 14–21 September 2002

2002 Analytical Cellular Pathology  
In this paper, we described two multi-medical telecommunication systems, i.e., image, text, and voice communication between hospitals. The systems were designed and implemented in web environments. The procedure was carried out using the distributed object technique, CORBA. Independent of platforms and different developing languages, the CORBA-based medical communication system proved to be very useful in system development, e.g., extension and maintenance. The other system was constructed in
more » ... e form of an ActiveX that could reduce the response time. With respect to maintenance cost, the designed system is of high quality. The two developed systems were compared in terms of their architectures, as well as efficiencies. As the result of test for two systems, the response time results of the first system, which are displayed using a RGB color image (640 × 480), were as follows: time from client to CMO was 79.90 ms; time from CMO to OMO was 40.05 ms; time from OMO to IPO was 14.00 ms. The response time results of the second system were follows: time from Pusan to Seoul was 0.10 s for a image with 106 k size, 0.20 s for a image with 906 k size and 0.40 s for a image with 3600 k size. The time for transmission was proportional to the image size. Using the proposed systems we were able to diagnose and prognosticate about the histo-pathologies of patients over the World Wide Web. SEVEN YEARS EUROPEAN EXPERIENCE WITH A DYNAMIC TELEPATHOLOGY SYSTEM BACKGROUND: Since 1999 South African Department of Health has embarked on national telemedicine program. St Elizabeth Hospital in Lusikisiki and Umtata General Hospital (UGH) in Umtata were chosen for pilot telecytology/telepathology project to support laboratory services in remote hospitals. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the system installed at St Elizabeth Hospital and compare with already used system (VAMSTEC, Croatia) at UGH. METHOD: 3CCD analogue camera was used to capture images and MediRad software (LINE Imaging Systems, LCC) for storage and transfer images via 128 kbts ISDN line. Forty PAP smears with atypic and dysplastic changes were chosen and transferred. On average 4 images per slide were sent. Time of transfer was also recorded. Reviewing was performed by pathologist and diagnoses recorded and compared with those done conventionally. Satisfaction or criticism of sending and receiving pathologists was recorded. RESULTS: The time of transfer was about 14 min per case. The quality of images was satisfactory and there was 95% concordance in the diagnosis. Criticism included quite long time of transfer and lack of "manipulation" with images on MediRad software, and also lack of export of images to other applications. Annotation of the case (history, cytology description and results) was not satisfactory. CONCLUSION: The system installed is suitable for store-and-forward telecytology but has got limitations compared with the other system. TELEMEDMAIL: FREE SOFTWARE TO Telemedicine offers the potential to alleviate the severe shortage of medical specialists in developing countries. However lack of equipment and poor network connections usually rule out videoconferencing systems. This paper describes a software application to facilitate store-and-forward telemedicine by email of images from digital cameras. TeleMedMail is written in Java and allows structured text entry, image processing, image and data compression, and data encryption. 184 Abstracts The design, implementation, and initial evaluation in telepathology are described. TELENEUROPATHOLOGY FEASIBILITY STUDY BASED ON ROBOTIC MICROSCOPY AND INTERNET Szymas J., Wolf G.,
doi:10.1155/2002/517312 fatcat:4yjhtago5fdnrf6q4rovasvbya