Remote Sensing Systems for Ocean: A Review (Part 2: Active Systems)

Meisam Amani, Farzaneh Mohseni, Nasir Farsad Layegh, Mohsen Eslami Nazari, Farzam Fatolazadeh, Abbas Salehitangrizi, Seyed Ali Ahmadi, Hamid Ebrahimy, Arsalan Ghorbanian, Shuanggen Jin, Sahel Mahdavi, Armin Moghimi
2022 IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing  
As discussed in the previous part of this review paper, Remote Sensing (RS) creates unprecedented opportunities by providing a variety of systems with different characteristics to study and monitor oceans. Part 1 of this review paper was dedicated to reviewing passive RS systems and their main applications in the ocean. Here, in part 2, seven active RS systems, including scatterometers, altimeters, gravimeters, Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR), Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR), Sound
more » ... and Ranging (SONAR), High-Frequency (HF) radars are comprehensively reviewed. For consistency, this part is structured similarly to part 1. The aforementioned systems, along with their characteristics and primary applications, are introduced in separate sections. This review paper provides useful information to all students and researchers who are interested in the oceanographic applications of active RS systems.
doi:10.1109/jstars.2022.3141980 fatcat:kc55frb76nbtfkkfabvhbtflem