Fentanyl Ameliorates Severe Acute Pancreatitis-Induced Myocardial Injury in Rats by Regulating NF-κB Signaling Pathway

Yayun Wang, Manhua Chen
2017 Medical Science Monitor  
Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a sudden inflammation of the pancreas. It results in multiple, severe complications, and 15-20% of patients develop severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) with mortality as high as 30%. Consequently, it is imperative to develop an effective therapy for SAP. Material/Methods: We used 30 adult male Sprague Dawley (SD) rats. Rats were randomly divided into 3 groups -sham, SAP, and fentanyl+SAP -with 10 rats in each group. An automatic biochemical analyzer was used to analyze
more » ... used to analyze the concentration of creatine kinase isoenzyme (CK-MB) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH). Terminal-deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated nick-end labeling (TUNEL) assay was applied to assess the cell apoptosis rate. Pathological changes in pancreas/heart were detected with hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining. Western immunoblot assay was used to analyze protein levels of interleukin (IL)-1b, IL-6, and IkB. Results: Fentanyl pre-treatment inhibits SAP-induced elevation of CK-MB/LDH concentrations in serum. Compared with the sham group, SAP generates a higher brown/yellow staining rate, which is abated by fentanyl. In the pancreas, SAP generated more serious interstitial edema/hemorrhage and fat necrosis than in the sham group, which are attenuated by fentanyl. Likewise, compared to the sham group, SAP generates swelled/disordered myocardial fibers and congested blood vessels in myocardium, which are ameliorated by fentanyl. In the sham group, there was little IL-1b/IL-6, and fentanyl significantly inhibited SAP-induced up-regulation of IL-1b/IL-6 levels. Compared with the sham group, SAP significantly reduced IkB level, which was rescued by fentanyl. Conclusions: Fentanyl effectively alleviates SAP-induced pancreas and heart injuries through regulating the nuclear factor-kB (NF-kB) signaling pathway.
doi:10.12659/msm.902245 fatcat:wszf6aohbzbwhamux46zrnr7ae