The quantum technologies roadmap: a European community view

Antonio Acín, Immanuel Felix Bloch, Harry M. Buhrman, Tommaso Calarco, Christopher Eichler, Jens Eisert, Daniel Estève, Nicolas Gisin, Steffen J. Glaser, Fedor Jelezko, Stefan Kuhr, Maciej Lewenstein (+7 others)
<span title="2021-04-23">2021</span>
Within the last two decades, quantum technologies (QT) have made tremendous progress, moving from Nobel Prize award-winning experiments on quantum physics (1997: Chu, Cohen-Tanoudji, Phillips; 2001: Cornell, Ketterle, Wieman; 2005: Hall, Hänsch-, Glauber; 2012: Haroche, Wineland) into a cross-disciplinary field of applied research. Technologies are being developed now that explicitly address individual quantum states and make use of the 'strange' quantum properties, such as superposition and
more &raquo; ... anglement. The field comprises four domains: quantum communication, where individual or entangled photons are used to transmit data in a provably secure way; quantum simulation, where well-controlled quantum systems are used to reproduce the behaviour of other, less accessible quantum systems; quantum computation, which employs quantum effects to dramatically speed up certain calculations, such as number factoring; and quantum sensing and metrology, where the high sensitivity of coherent quantum systems to external perturbations is exploited to enhance the performance of measurements of physical quantities. In Europe, theQTcommunity has profited from several EC funded coordination projects, which, among other things, have coordinated the creation of a 150-pageQTRoadmap (http://qurope.eu/h2020/qtflagship/roadmap2016). This article presents an updated summary of this roadmap.
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