Flow Boiling Heat Transfer Characteristics in Horizontal, Three-Dimensional Enhanced Tubes

Zhi-Chuan Sun, Xiang Ma, Lian-Xiang Ma, Wei Li, David Kukulka
2019 Energies  
An experimental investigation was conducted to explore the flow boiling heat transfer characteristics of refrigerants R134A and R410A inside a smooth tube, as well as inside two newly developed surface-enhanced tubes. The internal surface structures of the two enhanced tubes are comprised of protrusions/dimples and petal-shaped bumps/cavities. The equivalent inner diameter of all tested tubes is 11.5 mm, and the tube length is 2 m. The experimental test conditions included saturation
more » ... turation temperatures of 6 °C and 10 °C; mass velocities ranging from 70 to 200 kg/(m2s); and heat fluxes ranging from 10 to 35 kW/m2, with inlet and outlet vapor quality of 0.2 and 0.8. It was observed that the enhanced tubes exhibit excellent flow boiling heat transfer performance. This can be attributed to the complex surface patterns of dimples and petal arrays that increase the active heat transfer area; in addition, more nucleation sites are produced, and there is also an increased interfacial turbulence. Results showed that the boiling heat transfer coefficient of the enhanced surface tubes was 1.15–1.66 times that of the smooth tubing. Also, effects of the flow pattern and saturated temperature are discussed. Finally, a comparison of several existing flow boiling heat transfer models using the data from the current study is presented.
doi:10.3390/en12050927 fatcat:o2kehzcoprgwvktcmyzc57rap4