Shear viscosity of the Quark–Gluon Plasma from a virial expansion

Stefano Mattiello, Wolfgang Cassing
2010 European Physical Journal C: Particles and Fields  
We calculate the shear viscosity $\eta$ in the quark-gluon plasma (QGP) phase within a virial expansion approach with particular interest in the ratio of $\eta$ to the entropy density $s$, i.e. $\eta/s$. The virial expansion approach allows us to include the interactions between the partons in the deconfined phase and to evaluate the corrections to a single-particle partition function. In the latter approach we start with an effective interaction with parameters fixed to reproduce
more » ... oduce thermodynamical quantities of QCD such as energy and/or entropy density. We also directly extract the effective coupling $\ga_{\rm V}$ for the determination of $\eta$. Our numerical results give a ratio $\eta/s\approx 0.097$ at the critical temperature $T_{\rm c}$, which is very close to the theoretical bound of $1/(4\pi)$. Furthermore, for temperatures $T\leq 1.8 T_{\rm c}$ the ratio $\eta/s$ is in the range of the present experimental estimates $0.1-0.3$ at RHIC. When combining our results for $\eta/s$ in the deconfined phase with those from chiral perturbation theory or the resonance gas model in the confined phase we observe a pronounced minimum of $\eta/s$ close to the critical temperature $T_{\rm c}$.
doi:10.1140/epjc/s10052-010-1459-3 fatcat:hghotrql7jfctgylx6uqgxzk5m