An Insight from Rock Bolts and Potential Factors Influencing Their Durability and the Long-Term Stability of Deep Rock Tunnels

Wadslin Frenelus, Hui Peng, Jingyu Zhang
2022 Sustainability  
Selecting and designing the most suitable support systems are crucial for securing underground openings, limiting their deformation and ensuring their long-term stability. Indeed, the rock excavations imposed by the erection of deep tunnels generate various harmful effects such as stress perturbation, damage, fractures, rockbursts, convergence deformation, and so on. To combat such effects by helping the surrounding rocks of these structures to hold up, rock bolts are typically utilized as
more » ... er support systems. However, the latter must be efficient and sustainable to properly fulfil their vital roles. A thorough understanding of the existing rock bolt types or models and the relevant factors influencing their failure is highly required for appropriate selection, design and applications. It is observed that, despite numerous studies carried out, there is a lack of comprehensive reviews concerning the advances in such rock support systems. This paper provides an insight into the most pertinent rock bolt types or models and describes the potential factors influencing their failure. Additionally, it discusses the durability of rock bolts, which has a huge impact on the long-term stability of deep rock tunnels. Furthermore, the paper highlights some proposals for future trends.
doi:10.3390/su141710943 fatcat:rrieor7lx5bpzb5h64lama3idq