Biochemical and Genetic Characterization of a Temperature-Sensitive, Tryptophanyl-Transfer Ribonucleic Acid Synthetase Mutant of Bacillus subtilis

William Steinberg, C. Anagnostopoulos
1971 Journal of Bacteriology  
A temperature-sensitive, 5-fluorotryptophan (5FT)-resistant mutant of Bacillus subtilis was isolated which forms an altered tryptophanyl transfer ribonucleic acid synthetase [L-tryptophan: sRNA ligase (AMP), EC]. The mutant grows well at 30 C but not at 42 C. At the latter temperature, protein and ribonucleic acid (RNA) synthesis are abolished while deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) synthesis proceeds for a considerable time. Tryptophanyl-transfer RNA (tRNA) synthetase activity is not
more » ... le in the extracts of the mutant grown at 30 C whether this activity is measured by the attachment of L-tryptophan to tRNA or the L-tryptophandependent exchange of 32P-pyrophosphate with adenosine triphosphate. Mixing experiments with extracts from the wild type and the mutant have ruled out the presence of an inhibitor or the absence of an activator as possible causes. Attempts to retrieve enzyme activity in vitro by various means (different conditions for cell disruption, addition of L-tryptophan, and adenosine triphosphate to the extraction buffer containing glycerol) were unsuccessful. The mutation in the locus of the tryptophanyl tRNA synthetase (trpS) was mapped on the bacterial chromosome by transformation and transduction. It is located between argC and metA. All temperature-resistant transformants recover wild-type levels of tryptophanyl tRNA synthetase activity and sensitivity to 5FT. Spontaneous revertants to temperature resistance are 5FT sensitive, but their levels of tryptophanyl tRNA synthetase activity and the thermolability of this enzyme in cell-free extracts varies. These revertants do not support the growth of a presumed nonsense mutant of phase SPO-1. Transduction experiments with phage PBS-1 indicated that reversion must be the result of an event at the site of the original mutation or at a site extremely close to it. 8
doi:10.1128/jb.105.1.6-19.1971 fatcat:4vn447ssovdypasyafshjefsey