Opiate analogs, substance P, and baroreceptor reflexes in the rabbit

M A Petty, J L Reid
1981 Hypertension  
The putatire transmitters, enkephallns and substance P, and their binding sites have been identified in the nucleus of the solitary tract. Their role in the modulation of baroreceptor reflex activity is the subject of this study in the rabbit. A stable decarboxy analog of leu-enkephalin, RX783016, which has M receptor specificity, was used to attenuate the baroreflex sensitivity to intravenous phenylephrine. RX783016,50 iig/kg intracisternally, did not alter resting heart rate of blood
more » ... Intravenous administration of the opiate receptor antagonist, naloxone, prevented the effects of RX783016. Naloxone given alone significantly increased reflex sensitivity. Substance P given intracisternally in low doses (1 to 10 ng/kg) caused a dosedependent pressor response, which was reduced by pretreatment with morphine and enhanced by naloxone. Bilateral sinoaortic denerration also enhanced the pressor response to substance P, but after deafferentation, naloxone had no further effect. It is proposed that enkephalin-containing neurons, acting through n receptors, and substance P neurons influence baroreceptor reflex activity by modulating respectively the primary and second order neurons of the baroreceptor reflex. (Hypertension 3 (supp I): 1-142-1-147, 1981) KEY WORDS • blood pressure • baroreceptor reflexes • substance P enkephallns naloxone • central nervous system
doi:10.1161/01.hyp.3.3_pt_2.i142 fatcat:l4opquotmbdkvase4yrdpgrqza