Valorization of aquaculture waste in removal of cadmium from aqueous solution: optimization by kinetics and ANN analysis

Gautam Aditya, Asif Hossain
2018 Applied Water Science  
Cadmium is one of the most hazardous heavy metal concerning human health and aquatic pollution. The removal of cadmium through biosorption is a feasible option for restoration of the ecosystem health of the contaminated freshwater ecosystems. In compliance with this proposition and considering the efficiency of calcium carbonate as biosorbent, the shell dust of the economically important snail Bellamya bengalensis was tested for the removal of cadmium from aqueous medium. Following use of the
more » ... esh as a cheap source of protein, the shells of B. bengalensis made up of CaCO 3 are discarded as aquaculture waste. The biosorption was assessed through batch sorption studies along with studies to characterize the morphology and surface structures of waste shell dust. The data on the biosorption were subjected to the artificial neural network (ANN) model for optimization of the process. The biosorption process changed as functions of pH of the solution, concentration of heavy metal, biomass of the adsorbent and time of exposure. The kinetic process was well represented by pseudo second order (R 2 = 0.998), and Langmuir equilibrium (R 2 = 0.995) had better fits in the equilibrium process with 30.33 mg g −1 of maximum sorption capacity. The regression equation (R 2 = 0.948) in the ANN model supports predicted values of Cd removal satisfactorily. The normalized importance analysis in ANN predicts Cd 2+ concentration, and pH has the most influence in removal than biomass dose and time. The SEM and EDX studies show clear peaks for Cd confirming the biosorption process while the FTIR study depicts the main functional groups (-OH, C-H, C=O, C=C) responsible for the biosorption process. The study indicated that the waste shell dust can be used as an efficient, low cost, environment friendly, sustainable adsorbent for the removal of cadmium from aqueous solution.
doi:10.1007/s13201-018-0712-z fatcat:g2b5xhza75h4rhlplepiaxfaqq