Numerical Simulation of a Nano-pulsed High-voltage Discharge and Impact on Low-temperature Plasma Ignition Processes for Automotive Applications

Riccardo Scarcelli, Sayan Biswas, Isaac Ekoto, Douglas Breden, Anand Karpatne, Laxminarayan Raja
Spark-ignition (SI) processes are facing some challenges with the SI engine research continuing to move towards extremely dilute operation. Typical response from the automotive OEMs is to increase the spark energy to hundreds of mJs. However, this approach reduces the spark-plug lifetime due to erosion. In recent years, several lowtemperature plasma (LTP) technologies (e.g. microwave, nanosecond pulsed discharge, Corona discharge) have been proposed for automotive applications as a substitute
more » ... s as a substitute for the conventional SI process, yet no LTP ignition models are available for commercial computational fluid dynamics (CFD) codes for the evaluation and optimization of these advanced ignition systems. This paper summarizes recent efforts to model LTP generated by a nano-pulsed highvoltage discharge in a multi-dimensional fashion. Streamer discharges between two pin electrodes are modeled through 2-D computations using the non-equilibrium plasma commercial solver VizGlow. The impact of key parameters such as peak voltage and gas density on the characteristics of the streamers is evaluated. The experimental dataset is used to validate the numerical predictions in terms of thermal and chemical properties of the generated plasma at the end of the discharge. Then, the impact of the post-discharge characteristics on the LTP ignition process is evaluated in combustion simulations performed using the CFD code CONVERGE.
doi:10.5445/ir/1000088603 fatcat:p73fhgef65b4tclhmvp3hpypje