Qualitative Spatial Reasoning [chapter]

Christian Freksa
1991 Cognitive and Linguistic Aspects of Geographic Space  
Physical space has unique properties which form the basis of fundamental capabilities of cognitive systems. This paper explores some cognitive aspects of perception and knowledge representation and explains why spatial knowledge is of particular interest for cognitive science. It is suggested that Ôspatial inference enginesÕ provide the basis for rather general cognitive capabilities inside and outside the spatial domain. The role of abstraction in spatial reasoning and the advantages of
more » ... dvantages of qualitative spatial knowledge over quantitative knowledge are discussed. The usefulness of spatial representations with a low degree of abstraction is shown. An example from vision (the aquarium domain) is used to illustrate in which ways knowledge about space may be uncertain or incomplete. Parallels are drawn between the spatial and the temporal domains. A concrete approach for the representation of qualitative spatial knowledge on the basis of Ôconceptual neighborhoodÕ is suggested and some potential application areas are mentioned.
doi:10.1007/978-94-011-2606-9_20 fatcat:r62d5wlfd5ecjocckqrujpnvx4