NITROGEN, PHOSPHORUS AND POTASSIUM ACCUMULATION IN WATERMELON CULTIVARS IRRIGATED WITH SALINE WATER

Andréa R. F. C. da Costa, José F. de Medeiros
2018 Engenharia Agrícola  
The use of saline water in agriculture has increased in the Brazilian semiarid due to low availability of good quality water for irrigated agriculture, being the selection of salt tolerant hybrids an alternative to reduce the effect of salinity on nutritional status of plants. So, the objective of this work was to evaluate the effect of salinity of irrigation water in the accumulation and partition of nutrients in the vegetable tissue of watermelon cultivars, in the region of Mossoro in the
more » ... Mossoro in the State of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. The treatments studied consisted of applying irrigation water with five electrical conductivities (EC1 = 0.57, EC2 = 1.36, EC3 = 2.77, EC4 = 3.86 and EC5 = 4.91 dS m -1 ), two watermelon cultivars and four samplings times (15; 29; 43 and 60 days after transplanting), arranged in a scheme of split plot(5x2x4) and outlined in complete blocksrandomized with four replications.The accumulated nutrients in plants were influenced by ECw, occurring a loss in comparison with the higher ECw of 24.1 and 36.4% in the accumulationof N and P in the vegetative part of plant and 37.8 and 30.1 % in the accumulation of P and K in the aerial part. The accumulation of N, P and K in the watermelon was influenced by plant age, with reduction at the end of the cycle.
doi:10.1590/1809-4430-eng.agric.v38n3p343-350/2018 fatcat:dmlbip2ffrccli2nckw6uns2n4