Growth and nutrient uptake of coffee seedlings cultivated in nutrient solution with and without silicon addition

Ana Catarina Monteiro Carvalho Mori da Cunha, Mila Liparize de Oliveira, Enrique Combatt Caballero, Hermínia Emília Prieto Martinez, Paulo Cézar Rezende Fontes, Paulo Roberto Gomes Pereira
2012 Revista Ceres  
In recent years, the application of silicon (Si) in crops, including coffee, has become a common practice. The objective of this study was to assess the silicon uptake by coffee seedlings and its effects on plant growth, water and macro and micronutrient uptake. The research was conducted using nutrient solution in a greenhouse at the Departamento de Fitotecnia da Universidade Federal de Viçosa, in a completely randomized design with two treatments (with and without silicon) and three
more » ... ns. Each plot consisted of three plants grown in a 800 mL vessel containing the treatment solutions. At every three days, water consumption, the concentration of OH - and the depletion of Si and K were assessed in the nutrient solutions. After 33 days, the plants were assessed with regard to their fresh and dry weight of leaves, roots and stem, shoot height and total length of the plant (shoot and root). Number of leaves and internodes, and the content and accumulation of silicon, macro, and micronutrients were also determined. The consumption of water, the amount of potassium uptake and, biomass accumulation were greater in plants grown in solution without silicon addition. However, the concentration of OH- in the solution and the amount of silicon uptake were greater in plants grown in solution with added silicon. Silicon accumulation was greater in leaves than in stem and roots. Silicon decreased coffee plant accumulation of phosphorus, potassium, calcium, zinc, copper and iron.
doi:10.1590/s0034-737x2012000300015 fatcat:cekoo6tk6bb6lkl2kjhki33o3e