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Iranian Journal of Ophthalmology
© 2009 by the Iranian Society of Ophthalmology Published by Otagh-e-Chap Inc. 47 Purpose: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of intraoperative botulinum toxin-A (BTA) injection as an adjunct to the surgical treatment of large-angle esotropia or exotropia. Methods: Thirteen patients were included in this interventional case series study. Mean age of the patients was 23.31±13.29 years (range: 5-43 years). Of these 13 patients, 6 were exotropic and 7 were esotropic. The averagefatcat:nzdptgf3dbc4njfvqkrr7sh7ti