Smart Bandage with Wireless Strain and Temperature Sensors and Battery-less NFC Tag

Pablo Escobedo, Mitradip Bhattacharjee, Fatemeh Nikbakhtnasrabadi, Ravinder Dahiya
2020 IEEE Internet of Things Journal  
This article presents a smart bandage with wireless strain and temperature sensors and a batteryless near-field communication (NFC) tag. Both sensors are based on conductive poly (3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) polystyrene sulfonate (PEDOT:PSS) polymer. The highly sensitive strain sensor consists of a microfluidic channel filled with PEDOT:PSS in Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) substrate. The strain sensor shows 3 order (∼1250) increase in the resistance for 10% strain and considerably high gauge
more » ... r (GF) of ∼12 500. The sensor was tested for ∼30% strain, which is more than typical stretching of human skin or body parts such as chest expansion during respiration. The strain sensor was also tested for different bending and the electrical resolution was ∼150% per degree of free bending and ∼12k% per percentage of stretching. The resistive temperature sensor, fabricated on a Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) substrate, showed a ∼60% decrease in resistance when the temperature changed from 25 • C to 85 • C and a sensitivity of ∼1% per • C. As a proof of concept, the sensors and NFC tag were integrated on wound dressing to obtain wearable systems with smart bandage form factor. The sensors can be operated and read from distance of 25 mm with a user-friendly smartphone application developed for powering the system as well as realtime acquisition of sensors data. Finally, we demonstrate the potential use of smart bandage in healthcare applications such as assessment of wound status or respiratory diseases, such as asthma and COVID-19, where monitoring via wearable strain (e.g., respiratory volume) and temperature sensors is critical. Index Terms-Batteryless system, flexible electronics, nearfield communication (NFC) tag, smart bandage, strain sensor, temperature sensor.
doi:10.1109/jiot.2020.3048282 fatcat:phzuyajvnfcoxkaiosxszgscjm