Regional distrubition of contemporary Lithuanian dialects

Christa Schneider, Vytautas Kardelis
2019
Regional Distribution of Contemporary Lithuanian Dialects At the beginning of the 20th century, like in many other European countries, a plan to document the spoken language systematically was also brought up in Lithuania. In the 1950's, the necessary data for the Lietuvių kalbos atlasas (LKA) 'Lithuanian Language Atlas' was collected. This linguistic atlas was published in the three volumes Lexika 'lexicon' 1977, Fonetika 'phonetics' 1982 and Morfologija 'morphology' 1991, containing dialectal
more » ... ontaining dialectal data for 800 localities visualised in 376 dialect maps (cf. Mikulėninė et al. 2014). As the aforementioned volumes were published, dialectologists very often viewed language variation mono-dimensionally. But since the attempts to create a linguistic atlas of Lithuanian, dialectology has undergone a paradigm shift, and today, dialectology has become a dynamic, sociolinguistically and perceptually oriented field of research. Contemporary projects are methodologically based on a new paradigm where crowd-sourcing methods are used to help collect large amounts of data in a short time. These new data corpora are then compared with the data corpora collected during the traditional dialectological period, which makes language variation and change relatively easy to identify and document. Given the existence of the LKA, the Lithuanian situation is also appropriate for comparison. In this talk, we want to focus on the results of a pilot study conducted in Lithuania in 2018, for which a questionnaire was drafted in order to document language variation and investigate change. The questionnaire aimed to survey eleven variables from the LKA to allow for a first comparison of data. The questionnaire was accessible online for a total of one day during which we collected 119 completed questionnaires. The results make clear that the two major dialect regions (Aukštaitija 'Upper Lithuania' and Žemaitija 'Lower Lithuania') are still visible; however, their original area of distribution, as shown in the dialect classification that emerg [...]
doi:10.48350/155823 fatcat:w6p7wub7unaphm5jqvzkmrh4om