Reflections of Fears of Children to Drawings
European Journal of Educational Research
The purpose of this study is to examine the fears of children who are 6-10 years old via drawings. In this study, phenomenology research design which is among qualitative research methods was used. The study group of the study consisted of 314 children aged between 6 and 10 years in three primary schools in Kirsehir city center in 2017-2018 academic year. The data obtained from the participants were analyzed by using the content analysis method. As a result of the research, the drawings were
... he drawings were collected under 6 categories according to their similar characteristics .When the drawings obtained from the children were classified, it was seen that the most fear is related to the category of animals, while the least fear is related to the drawings of the category of fears related to medical. In addition, children preferred to use black, red, blue, yellow and green colors in their fear themed drawings. -This article is under the CC BY license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). 764TALU / Reflections of Fears of Children to Drawings person. Many fears fade over time, but some fears continue in adulthood. 27 % of the fears that follow the person are the most intense fears from childhood and 28% are the first remembered fears. Most of the adhesive fears are seen as fear of animals. In addition, it some fears in dangerous situations such as fire, disease, drowning and death follow animal fear. The supernatural powers, the fears of darkness and loneliness are also the types of fear that take place in sticky fears (Gunce, 1971; Sargin, 2001) . It is known that age and gender are among important factors affecting childhood fears. Considering the information obtained from the literature, there is a lot of information about the fear of children decreasing as the age progresses, and that the girls are more afraid than boys (Gullone, 2000; Muris, Merckelbach, Jong & Ollendick, 2002) . Families, friends, teachers, sometimes television, computers and books have a great influence on the development of children's fears. Especially in the family parents often use fear as a tool of discipline, supervision, education, pressure and prevention, it affects the child's emotions and leaves important traces. The most frightening elements of the parents to use as a threat to children who don't eat, disobey, don't sleep cause the seeds of a lot of fear which can continue during their lives. For example; Unrealistic fairy tale elements, such as witch, sorcerer, ghost, ghoul, bugaboo, fairy, goblin, gigantic, people such as doctor, dentist, needler, police, guard, people and animals such as dogs, cats, snakes (Koknel, 2004) . It is thought that children's learning of fear has harmful effects on social skills and self-concept. In addition, it is known that persistent and unresolved fears play a role in triggering mental health problems and violent behavior in children (Driessnack, 2006) . Drawing is a very effective way to understand and communicate with the child's inner world. This method is one of the ways in which children can express themselves effectively. The lines and colors that the children use are important communication tools in which he introduces his world. As a matter of fact, drawing is a way of revealing the child's emotions and thoughts as they are and with a variety of unique symbols (Yavuzer, 2007) .