Atypical cells parameter in Sysmex UN automated urine analyzer: feedback from the field
Background "Atypical cells" parameter in automated urinalysis has recently been introduced. An instrument capable of measuring quantitative and qualitative features of nuclear and cytoplasmic properties of a cell has the potential to detect cellular atypia. Instruments using flow cytometry have been detecting atypical cells in blood for a long time; yet instruments using the same methodology very lately developed this parameter in urinalysis. Materials and methods Samples with an atypical cells
... value higher than 1 atypical cell/µL were included in the study. Besides automated urinalysis, every sample was reflexed to modular unit for digital imaging. The remainder of each sample was stained with Sternheimer dye and examined manually under a light microscope. Results 50 samples with higher than1 atypical cell/µL result were included in the study. Patients were composed of 43 females (86 %) and 7 males (14 %). The mean age was 47.12 ± 19.45 years. The median atypical cells value was 1.8/µL (95 % range 1.5–2.4/µL). Manual microscopic evaluation of the 50 samples showed atypical cells in 1 sample. The patient had papillary lesions on cystoscopy and pathology report informed a high grade urothelial carcinoma. Other 49 samples were negative for atypical cells in manual microscopy. They were crowded samples with leucocytes and squamous epithelial cells. Conclusions The positive case provided evidence for Sysmex UN's capability to detect atypical cells in urine. The negative cases presented clues that probable vulvovaginal contamination and crowded specimens could be deceptive for Sysmex UN in this particular parameter.