Phosphonium-based Ionic Liquid Modified Activated Carbon from Mixed Recyclable Waste for Mercury(II) Uptake

Mohamed Habila, Zeid AlOthman, Ayman Ghfar, Maha Al-Zaben, Ahmed Alothman, Ahmed Abdeltawab, Adel El-Marghany, Mohamed Sheikh
2019 Molecules  
The contamination of water surfaces by mercury is a dangerous environmental problem due to its toxicity, which leads kidney damage. Activated carbon from mixed recyclable waste modified by phosphonium-based ionic liquid (IL-ACMRW) was therefore prepared and evaluated for Hg(II) remediation. The activated carbon used in this study was prepared from mixed waste, including cardboard, papers and palm wastes as cheap raw materials. The mixed Recyclable Waste Activated Carbon was combined with
more » ... l(tetradecyl)phosphonium Bis2,4,4-(trimethylpentyl)phosphinate (Cyphos® IL 104) ionic liquid to form an adsorbent with organic-inorganic content, in order to improve the Hg(II) uptake from aqueous solutions. FTIR confirms the presence of P, C=O and OH after this modification. The adsorption process was investigated and the evaluated results showed that the capacity was 124 mg/g at pH 4, with a contact time of 90 min, an adsorbent dose of 0.4 g/L, and a Hg(II) concentration of 50 mg/L. This Hg(II) adsorption capacity is superior than that reported in the literature for modified multiwall carbon nanotubes. The adsorption of Hg(II) on the modified activated carbon from mixed recyclable waste was found to follow the pseudo second-order kinetics model. Isotherms of adsorption were analyzed via Freundlich and Langmuir models. The results indicated that Freundlich is the best model to describe the process, suggesting multilayer adsorption.
doi:10.3390/molecules24030570 fatcat:rexe7fbpwfdkljaysyyuwulwwq