Homoclinic snaking in bounded domains

S. M. Houghton, E. Knobloch
2009 Physical Review E  
Homoclinic snaking is a term used to describe the back and forth oscillation of a branch of time-independent spatially localized states in a bistable, spatially reversible system as the localized structure grows in length by repeatedly adding rolls on either side. On the real line this process continues forever. In finite domains snaking terminates once the domain is filled but the details of how this occurs depend critically on the choice of boundary conditions. With periodic boundary
more » ... s the snaking branches terminate on a branch of spatially periodic states. However, with non-Neumann boundary conditions they turn continuously into a large amplitude filling state that replaces the periodic state. This behavior, shown here in detail for the Swift-Hohenberg equation, explains the phenomenon of "snaking without bistability", recently observed in simulations of binary fluid convection by Mercader, Batiste, Alonso and Knobloch (preprint).
doi:10.1103/physreve.80.026210 pmid:19792234 fatcat:tr2gu6cgbbhk7i7kgfum26kgja