Active and Interactive Mapping with Dynamic Gaussian Process Implicit Surfaces for Mobile Manipulators [article]

Liyang Liu, Simon Fryc, Lan Wu, Thanh Vu, Gavin Paul, Teresa Vidal-Calleja
2021 arXiv   pre-print
In this letter, we present an interactive probabilistic mapping framework for a mobile manipulator picking objects from a pile. The aim is to map the scene, actively decide where to go next and which object to pick, make changes to the scene by picking the chosen object, and then map these changes alongside. The proposed framework uses a novel dynamic Gaussian Process (GP) Implicit Surface method to incrementally build and update the scene map that reflects environment changes. Actively the
more » ... ework provides the next-best-view, balancing the need for picking object reachability with map information gain (IG). To enforce a priority of visiting boundary segments over unknown regions, the IG formulation includes an uncertainty gradient-based frontier score by exploiting the GP kernel derivative. This leads to an efficient strategy that addresses the often conflicting requirement of unknown environment exploration and object picking exploitation given a limited execution horizon. We demonstrate the effectiveness of our framework with software simulation and real-life experiments.
arXiv:2010.13108v2 fatcat:ugnqwdngqrejtl2pivonmmg6ay