Circumferential Radiofrequency Ablation of Pulmonary Vein Ostia : A New Anatomic Approach for Curing Atrial Fibrillation

C. Pappone, S. Rosanio, G. Oreto, M. Tocchi, F. Gugliotta, G. Vicedomini, A. Salvati, C. Dicandia, P. Mazzone, V. Santinelli, S. Gulletta, S. Chierchia
2000 Circulation  
Background-The pulmonary veins (PVs) and surrounding ostial areas frequently house focal triggers or reentrant circuits critical to the genesis of atrial fibrillation (AF). We developed an anatomic approach aimed at isolating each PV from the left atrium (LA) by circumferential radiofrequency (RF) lesions around their ostia. Methods and Results-We selected 26 patients with resistant AF, either paroxysmal (nϭ14) or permanent (nϭ12). A nonfluoroscopic mapping system was used to generate 3D
more » ... generate 3D electroanatomic LA maps and deliver RF energy. Two maps were acquired during coronary sinus and right atrial pacing to validate the lateral and septal PV lesions, respectively. Patients were followed up closely for Ն6 months. Procedures lasted 290Ϯ58 minutes, including 80Ϯ22 minutes for acquisition of all maps, and 118Ϯ16 RF pulses were deployed. Among 14 patients in AF at the beginning of the procedure, 64% had sinus rhythm restoration during ablation. PV isolation was demonstrated in 76% of 104 PVs treated by low peak-to-peak electrogram amplitude (0.08Ϯ0.02 mV) inside the circular line and by disparity in activation times (58Ϯ11 ms) across the lesion. After 9Ϯ3 months, 22 patients (85%) were AF-free, including 62% not taking and 23% taking antiarrhythmic drugs, with no difference (PϭNS) between paroxysmal and permanent AF. No thromboembolic events or PV stenoses were observed by transesophageal echocardiography. Conclusions-Radiofrequency PV isolation with electroanatomic guidance is safe and effective in either paroxysmal or permanent AF. (Circulation. 2000;102:2619-2628.)
doi:10.1161/01.cir.102.21.2619 pmid:11085966 fatcat:bodp7vy5dfbytba462at6u6wpa