DFT Calculations of Hydrogen Adsorption inside Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes

Igor K. Petrushenko
2018 Advances in Materials Science and Engineering  
DFT calculations have been performed to study noncovalent interactions of a hydrogen molecule and single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) of various diameters. Understanding these interactions is crucial for the development of systems for hydrogen storage and delivery. The barrier and barrier-free introduction of a hydrogen molecule into SWCNTs is observed. It has been found that hydrogen molecules bind differently onto SWCNTs, depending on their diameters and the orientation of an H2 molecule
more » ... of an H2 molecule inside the SWCNT. The binding inside SWCNTs with small diameters ((3,3); (4,4)) is very unfavorable; the opposite situation is in the case of larger ((5,5); (6,6)) SWCNTs. Finally, in the case of ((7,7); (8,8)) SWCNTs, the hydrogen binding energies decrease, and their values approach to those of graphene.
doi:10.1155/2018/9876015 fatcat:usdnt4dqxnhjzmnns4ncbsmzqi