Safety Study of Combination Treatment: Deep Brain Stimulation and Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation

Hamzah Magsood, Farheen Syeda, Kathryn Holloway, Ivan C. Carmona, Ravi L. Hadimani
2020 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
Patients with advanced Parkinson's disease (PD) often receive deep brain stimulation (DBS) treatment, in which conductive leads are surgically implanted in the brain. While DBS treats tremor and rigidity, patients often continue to suffer from speech and swallowing impairments. There is preliminary evidence that transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) of the cortex may be beneficial for these symptoms. However, the potential electromagnetic interactions of the strong magnetic fields from TMS on
more » ... the conductive leads is unknown, and the combination therapy has not been approved for use. In this article, we report an experimental study of the safety of combining DBS and TMS. We fabricated an anatomically accurate head and brain phantom with electrical conductivities matching cerebrospinal fluid and averaged conductivity of gray and white matter. Induced current on an implanted DBS probe in the brain phantom was measured. Our results show that TMS will induce current values in the range or higher than typical DBS stimulation current. Thus, the combination of TMS/DBS treatment might cause over-stimulation in the brain when stimulated directly over the DBS lead with 100% TMS current intensity.
doi:10.3389/fnhum.2020.00123 pmid:32317954 pmcid:PMC7147373 fatcat:p4mlesjs7famdkcf3hs6xsak6e