Star identification robust to angular rates and false objects with rolling shutter compensation

Vincenzo Schiattarella, Dario Spiller, Fabio Curti
2019 Acta Astronautica  
This paper addresses the problem of star identification in the presence of high slew rates, false objects and image deformations introduced by the rolling shutter. These problems can affect the operating life of star trackers and worsen the nominal performances. The proposed methodology relies on a technique named Improved Multi-Poles Algorithm, especially designed for robustness to false objects and slew rates. Angular velocities up to five degrees per second are considered so that stars are
more » ... en no more as near-circular spots but appear as streaks. The image deformation due to the rolling shutter of modern active pixel sensor detectors is compensated by means of a mathematical model based on a first order approximation of problem. A star tracker high fidelity simulator generates the input images considering typical noises due to the electronics and space environment. The reported results show that the proposed approach guarantees a reliable star identification and attitude determination with angular velocity from zero to five degrees per second.
doi:10.1016/j.actaastro.2019.09.040 fatcat:tjjke4uuxng7vkn2lrvkj7tcje