Ignition Studies on High-Vitrinite and High-Inertinite Coals Using TGA/DSC, DTIF, EFR, and 20 L Dust Explosive Chamber

Wiesław Rybak, Wojciech Moroń, Janusz Wach
2021 Energies  
The aim of this work was to study the ignition behaviour of eight coals of different coal ranks, petrographic compositions, and places of origin. The research allows us to gain deeper insight into the ignition mechanism and the relationship between certain properties of coals and their behaviour during ignition. The methodology utilised standard fuel ASTM data, petrographic analysis, pyrolysis and oxidation reactivity, and ignition characteristics generated through lab-scale tests using various
more » ... tests using various ignition measurement methods. The results show that, in the dust explosion, a homogeneous ignition of coal dust took place. The ignition potential was the highest for coals with a high content of liptinites and a low content of inertinites. The ranking of coals in terms of ignition potential under these conditions can be determined on the basis of the measurements of the devolatilization rate. During the combustion of coal dust in TGA/DSC, a dust cloud, and a pulverised fuel stream, the ignition of particles was performed according to a heterogeneous mechanism. The study showed that the reflectance index may be the most reliable method of predicting and comparing ignition temperatures of both vitrinite-rich and inertinite-rich coals. Due to the lack of regularity in the ignition temperatures of some coals, depending on the proportion of inertinites, the petrographic composition of coal cannot be used to predict ignition temperatures during the combustion of coal dust. The ranking of the coals according to their ignition potential can be determined using TGA/DSC.
doi:10.3390/en14123601 fatcat:h4tcahel3rhkfnsgiuu5dg7efe