Ontology-Based MEDLINE Document Classification [chapter]

Fabrice Camous, Stephen Blott, Alan F. Smeaton
Bioinformatics Research and Development  
An increasing and overwhelming amount of biomedical information is available in the research literature mainly in the form of free-text. Biologists need tools that automate their information search and deal with the high volume and ambiguity of free-text. Ontologies can help automatic information processing by providing standard concepts and information about the relationships between concepts. The Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) ontology is already available and used by MEDLINE indexers to
more » ... INE indexers to annotate the conceptual content of biomedical articles. This paper presents a domain-independent method that uses the MeSH ontology inter-concept relationships to extend the existing MeSHbased representation of MEDLINE documents. The extension method is evaluated within a document triage task organized by the Genomics track of the 2005 Text REtrieval Conference (TREC). Our method for extending the representation of documents leads to an improvement of 18.3% over a non-extended baseline in terms of normalized utility, the metric defined for the task.
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-71233-6_34 dblp:conf/bird/CamousBS07 fatcat:ohbmk5vmn5c2dhybku4eprfeae